There will be 11 Americans among the 118 Roman Catholic cardinals who will convene in the Sistine Chapel in mid-March to elect the next pope. They range from leaders of major archdioceses to retired prelates to top officials in the Vatican bureaucracy.

Here’s a look at the American “princes of the church” who will vote for the next leader of the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics:

Raymond L. Burke, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura

  • Age: 64
  • Born: June 30, 1948 in Richland Center, Wis.
  • Education: Catholic University of America (Washington, D.C.), Pontifical Gregorian University (Rome)
  • Ordained a priest: 1975 in Rome
  • Posts held: bishop of La Crosse, Wis. (1994-2003); archbishop of St. Louis, Mo. (2004-2008); prefect of the Apostolic Signatura (2008-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI

Daniel N. DiNardo, archbishop of Galveston-Houston, Texas

  • Age: 63
  • Born: May 23, 1949 in Steubenville, Ohio
  • Education: Catholic University of America, Duquesne University (Pittsburgh)
  • Ordained a priest: 1977 in Pittsburgh
  • Posts held: coadjutor bishop of Sioux City, Iowa (1997-1998); bishop of Sioux City, Iowa (1998-2004); coadjutor archbishop of Galveston-Houston (2004-2006); archbishop of Galveston-Houston (2006-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI

Timothy M. Dolan, archbishop of New York

  • Age: 63
  • Born: Feb. 6, 1950 in St. Louis
  • Education: Catholic University of America, Pontifical North American College (Rome), Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Rome), and Kenrick-Glennon Seminary (Shrewsbury, Mo.)
  • Ordained a priest: 1976 in St. Louis
  • Posts held: rector of Pontifical North American College (1994-2001); auxiliary bishop of St. Louis (2001-2002); archbishop of Milwaukee (2002-2009); archbishop of New York (2009-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI

Francis E. George, archbishop of Chicago

  • Age: 76
  • Born: Jan. 16, 1937
  • Education: Catholic University of America, Tulane University (New Orleans) and University of Ottawa
  • Ordained a priest: 1963 in Chicago
  • Posts held: bishop of Yakima, Wash. (1990-1996); archbishop of Portland, Ore. (1996-1997); archbishop of Chicago (1997-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 1998 by Pope John Paul II

James M. Harvey, archpriest of St. Paul Outside-the-Walls Basilica in Rome

  • Age: 63
  • Born: Oct. 20, 1949 in Milwaukee
  • Education: St. Francis Seminary (St. Francis, Wis.), Pontifical Gregorian University and Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy (Rome)
  • Ordained a priest: 1975 in Rome
  • Posts held: prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household (1998-2012); archpriest of St. Paul Outside-the-Walls Basilica (2012-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI

William J. Levada, retired

  • Age: 76
  • Born: June 15, 1936 in Long Beach, Calif.
  • Education: St. John’s Seminary (Camarillo, Calif.), Pontifical North American College and Pontifical Gregorian University
  • Ordained a priest: 1961 in Rome
  • Posts held: auxiliary bishop of Los Angeles (1983-1986); archbishop of Portland, Ore. (1986-1995); archbishop of San Francisco (1995-2005); prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (2005-2012)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI

Roger M. Mahony, archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles

  • Age: 76
  • Born: Feb. 27, 1936 in Los Angeles
  • Education: Catholic University of America
  • Ordained a priest: 1962 in Fresno
  • Posts held: auxiliary bishop of Fresno (1975-1980); bishop of Stockton, Calif. (1980-1985); archbishop of Los Angeles (1985-2011); archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles (2011-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 1991 by Pope John Paul II

Edwin F. O’Brien, grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem

  • Age: 73
  • Born: April 8, 1939 in New York
  • Education: St. Joseph’s Seminary (Yonkers, N.Y.), Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas
  • Ordained a priest: 1965 in New York
  • Posts held: rector of Pontifical North American College (1990-1994); auxiliary bishop of New York (1996-1997); archbishop of U.S. Military Services (1997-2007); archbishop of Baltimore (2007-2011); grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (2012-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2012 by Pope Benedict XVI

Sean P. O’Malley, archbishop of Boston

  • Age: 68
  • Born: June 29, 1944 in Lakewood, Ohio
  • Education: St. Fidelis Seminary (Butler, Pa.), Capuchin College (Washington, D.C.), and Catholic University of America
  • Ordained a priest: 1970 in Pittsburgh
  • Posts held: bishop of St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands (1985-1992); bishop of Fall River, Mass. (1992-2002); bishop of Palm Beach (2002-2003); archbishop of Boston (2003-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2006 by Pope Benedict XVI

Justin F. Rigali, archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia

  • Age: 77
  • Born: April 19, 1935 in Los Angeles
  • Education: Catholic University of America, Pontifical Gregorian University
  • Ordained a priest: 1961 in Los Angeles
  • Posts held: president of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy of the Roman Curia (1985-1989); secretary to the Congregation for Bishops (1989-1994); secretary to the College of Cardinals (1990-1994); archbishop of St. Louis (1994-2003); archbishop of Philadelphia (2003-2011)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2003 by Pope John Paul II

Donald W. Wuerl, archbishop of Washington, D.C.

  • Age: 72
  • Born: Nov. 12, 1940 in Pittsburgh
  • Education: St. Gregory Seminary (Cincinnati), Catholic University of America, Pontifical Gregorian University and the Pontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas
  • Ordained a priest: 1966 in Rome
  • Posts held: auxiliary bishop of Seattle (1985-1987); bishop of Pittsburgh (1988-2006); archbishop of Washington, D.C (2006-present)
  • Elevated to cardinal: 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI

Retired American cardinals who are too old to vote:

  • William Baum, former archbishop of Washington and Major Penitentiary at the Vatican
  • Edward Egan, former archbishop of New York
  • William Keeler, former archbishop of Baltimore
  • Bernard Law, former archbishop of Boston
  • Adam Maida, former archbishop of Detroit
  • Theodore McCarrick, former archbishop of Washington
  • James Stafford, Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary
  • Edmund Szoka, former governor of Vatican City State

4 Comments

    • Any baptize male catholic can be elected pope, but will the holy spirit go out side the college of cardinals, or did the holy spirit make sure all the choices are cardinals

  1. Edward A Garabedian

    Very surprised that the Los Angeles Archbishop was not made a Cardinal. Could there be more to the media circus or jousting that occurred when Mahony was told by the new archbishop of Los Angeles that his services where no longer needed. Could his remarks have deterred him from becoming a cardinal???? If so, I continue to be pleased with the decision to publicly separate himself from Mahony. Mahony’s actions were and are reprehensible.

    I would think that our archdiocese is a significant force both in terms of religious growth as well as the opportunity to contribute financially in behalf of the church.

    • This pope just made the first big mistake of his pontificate….By bypassing the Americans he may have sent a sign that he believe American can’t feel for the poor and only cardinals of third world and poor dioceses are worthy of the red hat….There are many good catholic bishops in the US that are worthy of the red hat, and a few of them run very poor diocese….I feel this pope is making his judgements based upon some bad advice by the liberal faction of the cardinals. He will probably not give the red hat to any US bishop that has Cardinal Burke’s name attached to the man appointment to bishop. I hope I’m wrong but this move alone sends a message that is not favorable to the get charity and love for the poor this country has had in the last 100 years.

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