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(RNS) Challengers are taking a new tack by arguing the Pledge of Allegiance violates terms of the Massachusetts’ equal rights amendment, which provides that “all people are born free and equal,” and that equality cannot be abridged by “sex, race, color, creed or national origin.”


  1. Any person should have the “free will” to pledge or not pledge, for whatever reason they might have.

  2. Having “under God” in the Pledge states that patriotism is associated with God belief, and creates a separate class of atheist students who are stigmatized by their classmates.

  3. I remember when “under God” was added to the pledge. For me it changed the original meaning of the pledge entirely by breaking the continuity of “. . . one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.” THAT is the focus of our pledge and has meaning for every citizen, religious or not.