BETHLEHEM, West Bank (RNS)  Israeli and Palestinian leaders accepted an invitation to the Vatican next month from Pope Francis, who urged the two sides to make sacrifices to achieve peace Sunday (May 25) during his first visit as pontiff to the Middle East.

Pope Francis celebrates Mass May 25 in Manger Square outside the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, West Bank.

Pope Francis celebrates Mass May 25 in Manger Square outside the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, West Bank. Catholic News Service photo/Debbie Hill

“The time has come for everyone to find the courage to be generous and creative in the service of the common good,” Francis said at a welcoming ceremony in Bethlehem hosted by Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas. “The climate of instability and a lack of mutual understanding have produced insecurity, the violation of rights, isolation and the flight of entire communities, conflicts, shortages and sufferings of every sort.”

A festive atmosphere greeted Francis in Bethlehem’s Manger Square, the traditional birthplace of Jesus, where posters of the pope, called baba in Arabic, hung in every shop window. Riding through the crowd on his way to Mass, the pope was greeted by cheers of Viva al-Baba! or “Long live the pope!”

Two enormous flags, one the yellow and white of the Vatican, the other the red, white, black and green Palestinian flag, were draped, side by side, from a building on the square.

A large mural depicting the holy family — flanked on one side by past popes, and on the other by local saints —  served as a backdrop to the stage where Francis and members of the Palestinian Catholic Church celebrated the outdoor Mass.

At the end of the Mass, Francis invited Abbas and Israeli President Shimon Peres to Rome.

The pope’s decision to fly by helicopter from Amman, Jordan, into Palestinian-ruled Bethlehem gained favor with Palestinians, who felt it was a small but important acknowledgment of their aspirations for sovereignty.

Pope John Paul II and Pope Benedict XVI, who made Holy Land pilgrimages in 2000 and 2009 respectively, each flew to Tel Aviv before visiting Bethlehem.

Many of the pilgrims traveled to Bethlehem from Israel for the Mass. Although the Israeli government prohibits Israelis from entering Palestinian-ruled areas in the West Bank, the Christians received special travel permits.

“We wanted to see the pope,” said Gracy Cunha, who works in Israel as a caregiver. Cunha, who is from India, and a large group of Indian foreign workers who attend her church, said the group left Haifa, a city in northern Israel, at 2 a.m. in order to pass through the Israeli checkpoint into Bethlehem as well as Palestinian security.

“This is a special opportunity for us, a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity,” she said.

Over the decades, hundreds of thousands of Palestinians, including large numbers of Christians, have emigrated because of wars, uprisings and subsequent financial instability. Today, Christians comprise just 2 percent of the population of the Holy Land.

Additional stops on the pope’s itinerary also had political overtones, including a visit to a refugee camp to meet Christian and Muslim children whose ancestors were displaced from their homes during wars with Israel and a lunch with Palestinian families whose land was confiscated by Israel or whose sons are imprisoned in Israel, according to the Latin Patriarchate.

Palestinians, meanwhile, were gratified the Vatican’s official program on the pilgrimage called Abbas the president of the “state of Palestine,” a phrase that appeared on the T-shirts the Bethlehem municipality handed out at the entrance to Manger Square, along with Palestinian flags.

Standing behind a table loaded high with free mineral water bottles, 17-year-old Vicky Handal, a Palestinian Catholic from Bethlehem, said she was excited to see Pope Francis in person. Still, she wasn’t completely at ease with the atmosphere surrounding the pontiff’s visit.

“I don’t like the fact that political leaders on both sides are politicizing the pope’s visit,” she said. “The primary focus of the pilgrimage must be unity among Christians, not politics.”



  1. Sister Geraldine Marie

    I’m very pleased that Pope Francis invited Mr. Peres and Mr. Abbas to come to the Vatican to talk about a lasting peace in the Mideast and that the two leaders accepted. Now for the difficult part! Israel is against a two-state solution for the same reason that Egypt’s pharaoh, three or more thousand years ago, was afraid of the Israelites’ growth in numbers: They might take it into their heads to overthrow him! Given the history of the world’s attitude throughout the centuries regarding “the Jews”, it should be of no surprise to anyone with any knowledge of history, ancient or modern, why the Israelis are adamant about not having their country taken from them, again! I don’t think they would mind giving the Palestinian Christians equal rights because they are peaceful. The Muslims, on the other hand, keep threatening to destroy Israel, keep denying the Shoah occurred and keep acting in a violent manner, both inside Israel and in other countries. You see the dilemma? The Muslims would cry, “discrimination” if they were not given equal rights like the Christians, while I would say, common sense and self-preservation. I know there are peace-loving Muslims, but they aren’t as vocal as the fundamentalists or their lives would be in danger, too. This is an opportunity for fervent prayer among all peoples so everyone can worship and appreciate the land of three great religions without having to be afraid of violence.

    • Hello Sister. I too am pleased that Pope Francis invited these two leaders to the Vatican to talk. No opportunity should be missed to do so, regardless of people’s opinions of the likelihood of success. Continuous dialogue has shown to be an essential component in the resolution of other conflicts past.

      Israel’s concerns for its security are of course entirely valid. But for lasting peace to be achieved, security cannot be favoured for any one side at the expense of the other. Any injustice in the name of security will not achieve peace. I believe that until the principle of absolute justice is not invoked, peace cannot occur. Selective justice is not justice at all. Until the value of an Israeli’s life is considered by all, in deed as well as word, to be equal to the value of a Palestinians – not greater or less – peace will not occur.

      ‘Fundamentalists’ and those working against peace are found in all the monotheistic faiths and their voices may well be louder than those around them who are peaceful. But this should not be used as an excuse to negatively label all for the views/actions of the noisy or aggressive minority. Such labelling cannot be a way towards peace, but will rather only increase enmity. People should be judged not by their label of Christian, Muslim, Jew, Atheist etc., but by how they as individuals behave. If we resort to discriminatory generalisations, it becomes too easy and deceitful to see one’s own as good and dehumanise the ‘others’ as evil.

      I too join you in urging believers of whatever faith to pray – for peace and absolute justice for all. God bless all who do.

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