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(1961) Some of the tear gas from bombs hurled by U.S. marshals at a howling white mob attempting to assault the Negro First Baptist Church in Montgomery, Ala., blew back into the church, forcing some of the people inside to come out wiping their eyes. All of the people in the church were evacuated after remaining overnight in the church under protection of guardsmen, marshals, state and local police. The second outbreak of rioting in the city finally caused Gov. John Patterson to proclaim martial law. Religion News Service file photo